Red Tuscan wine
Red Tuscan wine
Tuscany , the country of Brunello di Montalcino and Chianti
Tuscany continues to advance its position as the most dynamic region as a producer of quality wines in the country, in contrast to the decades of sales of the popular Chianti in fiasco covered raffia-. The modern Renaissance began in Tuscany in Chianti precisely in the central hills around Florence and Siena, but quickly spread to the Mediterranean coast, where it had not yet been identified places to create new vineyards.
Most of the progress has come with classical reds based on local Sangiovese, such as Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino, Vino Nobile di Montepulciano and Carmignano DOCG. But growing success with other reds (especially without Appellation wines called Super Tuscans) was increased with new styles of whites that have further enhanced the reputation of the region.
The Chianti, which is still the dominant force in wine growing in Tuscany, the area has long distinguished itself as the cradle of Italian wines. This is related both to the volume of wine products and their universality, and also for their personality that can not be questioned. The nature of the Tuscan wines, very different is the quintessence of Italy.
Chianti is produced in eight distinct zones covering a wide area around the original core of Chianti Classico. In these hills beautifully harsh climatic variations and soil contribute much to the individuality of each field that the search of the winemakers to develop personal styles. Some Chianti are pretty cool and easy, while others are rich and elaborate and can develop high-class older. All this can lead to some confusion, but for fans the Chianti wine today is probably the one offering the best value for money on domestic and international markets.
Chianti are identified by sub-appellations, the most important is the Classico whose producers have formed a consortium of defense whose emblem is a black rooster ("Black Rooster"), symbol of the rivalry between Florence and Siena that disputed region in the Middle Ages . Several areas also highlight the name of the vineyard as a mark of distinction. The great Chianti common with other traditional Tuscan red wines is that is developed mainly from Sangiovese.
In the past, the vines were often mixed, but today the focus is on Sangiovese or Sangioveto that deserve to be classified with the noble grapes of Italy and the world. In good years, the big pure Sangiovese wines have an intense ruby red color, have floral and fruity, with a good tannic structure, are fleshy and long on the palate. Some may take years of aging to reach their peak quality.
The most prestigious designation Tuscan Brunello di Montalcino, DOCG product in a fortress town south of Siena where reds of legendary power and longevity reach high prices. Conceived by the Biondi Santi family a century ago, Brunello is now issued under more than a hundred labels, representing small farms, estates and even international companies. The producers of Brunello wines are also under the DOC Rosso di Montalcino, a younger wine Sangiovese and Rosso di Montalcino, a sweet white Moscato, and a range of wines under the appellation Sant'Antimo.
Not far from Montalcino and Vino Nobile Montepulciano is developed by a guy named Sangiovese Blackthorn Gentile. The Vino Nobile has centuries of history and its name is apparently a tribute to his status among the nobility. The poet Francesco Redi descrisseil Montepulciano red as "king of all wines." After decades of neglect, Vino Nobile has made an impressive comeback under its DOCG and is once again lives up to its name. The winemakers also produce the Rosso di Montepulciano DOC as an alternative for younger Vino Nobile.
The Carmignano deserves special mention for being the subject of a protection order by the Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1716. Today this rare red from Sangiovese and Cabernet was elevated to DOCG, though the red Barco Reale and other wines of Carmignano They remain as DOC.
Pomino, which was also mentioned in the decree of 1716 is a DOC produced above sea level with a mixture of red wine Sangiovese and Cabernet and Merlot and a special white which includes Chardonnay and Pinot. Among the many other red wines, Morellino di Scansano, elaborated on the coastal hills of Maremma.
The production of luxury wines alternatives, which started as a trend in 1970, has become an essential factor in the general improvement of Tuscan reds. These cult wines, which are known as Super Tuscans, continue to thrive.
So Sassicaia, produced from Cabernet that only in 1970 has convinced the world that Italy could make modern reds appreciated internationally, now has a DOC as the Bolgheri. Sangiovese Cabernet blend of Tignanello served as the model for the new style of red wine aged in small oak casks or barrels rather than in old barrels of Tuscany. Cabernet-Sangiovese blends and then came later, reds from Merlot, Syrah and Pinot Noir.
The "Super Tuscans" are now among the red wines the finest and most expensive in Italy. Today, those who remain outside of DOC / DOCG are generally under the name IGT Toscana.
Inspired by the success of Cabernet and Merlot in Bolgheri, wines from the coastal sector of Tuscany have seen their prestige increase rapidly and even entered into competition with the hills of the center for local supremacy. In the heart of Maremma, the coastal hills of southwestern Tuscany, Morellino di Scansano DOC offers a red wine made from Sangiovese grapes. Other promising DOC Val di Cornia, Costanzo, Monteregio of Massa Marittima, Montescudaio, Capalbio and Sovana.
The pride of many Tuscan winemakers is the Vin Santo, which has become DOC in many parts of the region. Made from dried grapes and aged in small wooden barrels, Vin Santo can be a dessert wine or a delicious aperitif. Most Vin Santo is made of rich varieties, mainly Malvasia and Trebbiano, though the type called Occhio di Pernice is derived from red grapes.
As long as production was poor, the Tuscan white wines have received only rarely much prestige as the reds, and this also for the fact that they are mainly produced from Trebbiano. The exception that proves the rule is the Vernaccia di San Gimignano, ancient vine Grenache, which was the first white wine DOCG region. In addition, the grape Vermentino spread along the coast is revealed as an extremely promising varieties.
Recently, interesting white wines rich in some depth and complexity have been produced in Tuscany from international varieties such as Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Pinot Grigio, all in comfortable surroundings present in many parts of the cool hills of the region.
Although the wine is a product consumed by millennia the nineteenth century was decisive period for the cultivation of vineyards and wine production, scientific advances ,typical of the period ,contributed to the new wine production and treatment of the classification of varieties of vines and consequently of wine
the wine was beginning to no longer be an object of mystery and science helped to reveal the nature of the product stripping, at least in part of the charm of the secret. Until clarification at that time, can make the wine less turbid, was obtained by adding to the wine secret potions preserve of a few master wine-makers .With the scientific progress it is understood that the substances were put in to the wine let fall all solid particles in suspension. The mixtures used for such delicate activities were usually egg whites or blood.
In the nineteenth century we see the production of new wines, such as Barolo, Chianti in Tuscany and Spumante Classico from cuttings of Pinot.
How to read a list of Italian wines?
If you don’t have close to you a sommelier to guide you, many wine lists do not give much information, except for the price, the manufacturer and the year of the vintage so it can be useful to know that:
The name of the manufacturer tells us that it can be a single manufacturer as Degli Azzoni Avogadro, farm Aviary, a cooperative as the Produttori del Barbaresco (56 group members) or a winery largest, as Ruffino or Antinori.
To Know the kind of producer may be useful to see if the wine is rare or easy to find.
Italian wines are often named according to region and each region is classified.
For example, a wine labeled Chianti Classico DOCG is from a sub-region of Chianti in Tuscany, a wine that requires a minimum size of 80% Sangiovese. Alternatively, a name like wine Degli Azzoni Avogadro "Helianthus" on a list of Italian wines (classified as IGT) indicates an atypical mixture of grapes not classified, the Super Tuscan wine belongs to this category.
A Super Tuscan wine is a wine which "replaces" the term of Chianti wine identified by law. The Super Tuscan Wine was suggested in 1970 by wine producers and writers of Tuscan wine to exemplify a Tuscan wine made with grapes that do not collect the name of the law (DOC and DOCG).
Before this date, the Tuscan wine, made from grapes such as Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Syrah, was classified under the name of poor quality of "table wine". Manufacturers like Antinori and its wine called Tignanello and Sassicaia Tenuta San Guido began to point the way for the creation of high quality wines and high price with grapes previously not covered in the protocols. The Super Tuscan wines now fall into a designation called IGT wine .
Important to know is the harvest that greatly affects the quality. As a general rule, older vintages tend to have less prominent tannin
it was the Greeks who first recognized Italy’s potential for wine. After settling in present-day Sicily and southern Italy, the Greeks were so impressed with the fertile land that they decided to import vines and give the land the name Oenotria
The Etruscans were ages ahead of them, though their techniques obviously differed. After crushing the grapes, the must was poured into clay containers which were buried deep in the ground
As the Roman Empire expanded, demand for wine increased. Wine production kept up with this demand, and wine became an intricate part of Roman society.
The wine of the Roman times was very different than our typical wines, they was often mixed with water to decrease the wine’s incredibly high alcohol content, Romans often drank sweet white Falernian coming from a region near Neaples.
Romans realized that to effectively age wines, they needed airtight containers, and thus invented the wooden barrel.
With the fall of the Roman Empire, demand for wine decreased until the Renaissance.
In the recent past Italian wine was criticized for its poor quality but today the quality and the reputation of the wine improved and we can say that things that made famous Italy are still embraced in Italian culture : good food and good wine
The red wine is good for the heart
Drink one or two glasses of alcohol a day may have a positive effect on heart health. But to prevent cardiovascular disease, alcohol is still not very suitable for a healthy diet, first of all physical activity and quitting smoking ...
And 'the best red wine?
The likely benefits of moderate consumption of alcohol would not be an exclusive feature of the red wine. There are only few studies on different types of alcoholic beverages that have concluded the superiority of red wine over other alcoholic beverages. The white wine with its antioxidant compounds would also cardioprotective effects ...
In addition, it should be noted that the benefits of red wine have been observed in areas where traditionally we eat a lot of fruit, vegetables, fish and unsaturated fats. All good foods for a healthy heart ...
No ingredient has been formally identified as responsible for the alleged benefits of red wine.
However, two substances are often mentioned as the cause of the beneficial effect of red wine on heart disease: alcohol itself, and antioxidants called polyphenols. In the case of red wine, resveratrol is the antioxidant responsible for the anti-inflammatory effects that reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. In addition, tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol are wine polyphenols and also cardioprotective effects.
One or two glasses of red or white wine a day can have a positive effect on heart health, but this practice does not eliminate the harmful effects of smoking, a high-fat diet, a low fruit and vegetable consumption and a lack of physical activity.
Whether we are already consuming alcohol or not, are the factors mentioned above that you have to change first. Alcohol should not be considered as a means in itself to reduce the risk of heart disease.
In addition, profits were seen only in middle-aged people and the elderly. To date, nothing suggests that drinking even moderate protect young people.
If you currently drink moderately, we do not increase consumption. Too much alcohol can cause health problems and damage the health of the heart:
increasing the levels of fat in the blood;
contributing to an increase of weight (high alcohol in calories);
increase blood pressure;
causing heart failure and other heart disease;
increasing the risk of cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
and may be the cause of diseases of the liver, pancreas and certain types of cancer.
In Italy, the vine is everywhere, from the north to the southern limit of the Italian soil, namely, from the snow and cold of the Alps to the hot sun of the islands. On the other hand, Italians are very proud of their vineyards "Asked Blanc" (the typical white grape variety native to the Valle d'Aosta, the smallest of the Italian regions, in the northwest corner of Italy), which in addition 1000 meters above sea level, are the highest in Europe. And although there are famous Italian wines produced in Lampedusa, the beautiful island visited by tourists from all over the world is the territory to the south Italy, one of the most famous Italian wines is still the Passito di Pantelleria, produced on the island of the same name , which is geographically closer to Africa than the rest of Italy.
The best known wine d 'Italy is the red wine. If the greatest Italian wines, Barolo Barbaresco, Brunello di Montalcino Amarone della Valpolicella, are red, it should be noted that Italy also produces white wines of great goodness. And if they do not demonstrate the ability of aging (with some exceptions) of the most famous white wines of France, it is certain that the Italian white wines today are an ode to the great thirst for fresh and very drinkable wine like few others in the world. Not to mention the sweet wines and sparkling wines, which in Italy, as in France, also reach levels of quality almost unattainable to the rest of the wine regions of the world.
Certainly this was not always so ... The quality revolution of Italian wine dates back actually sixties. The wine produced before this decade could be very good, even wonderful, but the result of individual exploits, referring to the talent of certain producers to global value as Bartolo Mascarello in Piedmont or Il Poggione or Biondi-Santi in Tuscany. Most of the time (but be careful, not always!) Bottles of Italian wine in the early twentieth century they proved disappointing, the result of viticulture and enology really archaic and deficit.
Things started to change over the last 40 years, and almost always for the better The importance of French oak rather than large pieces of oak Slovenia, are often too old and not very clean, the discovery of the malolactic transformation, the introduction of pneumatic presses, l 'application of gravimetry, the use of thermoregulation in the cellar and the use of stainless steel tanks and then, control of the yield, with thinning and green harvesting, defoliation, the choice of most suitable clones, the importance of the mass selection, the grapes harvested grapes to better maturity (not only technological, but also of polyphenols), selecting the berries with more attention (in the vineyard as well as the arrival of the grapes in the cellar, using the tables choice, with, or without, vibrating tables or the most modern optical systems, the importance of a second wine. Especially, the rediscovery of native vines and local, the real, essential richness of the world of Italian wine. There is a rich heritage, an incredible treasure that producing countries like France will have to envy in the coming years. That said, the great Italian wines are produced only from local grapes
So while the first Italian wines were mostly pleasant to drink very young people, especially whites, they are now part of the circle of the most famous and most expensive wines in the world. Italian producers have quickly gained the top of the wine world and there are wines of undeniable class in every Italian region. To the north and south, and not only in Piedmont and Tuscany (the most famous Italian wine regions and known by fans), there are real masterpieces!
Italian wine is now a "new world", often characterized by great wines because most producers have been able to renew and improve their wines in ways unimaginable in forty or fifty years. It could not be otherwise, because every time reflects his experience, its technology, its lifestyle. And of course, you can do many critical Italians, but you can not say that I know how to live. And wine is an essential part of the Dolce Vita
This is one of the best range of Chiantis input that can be found in Italy; and a Chianti Classico, Chianti best known, but a Chianti, a terroir and much cooler at altitude. That said, The Aviary is a domain in one of the hottest areas of the Era, and its wines are characterized by a pleasant roundness and fat unsuspected. Dress cherry red, the nose very expressive of typical Chianti Uccelliera hottest areas: ripe red fruit, almost jam, licorice, tobacco. Mouth all in harmony, the volume is large (for an entry Chianti), the intense complexity and perfect balance. The silky palate intensity increases over time. A simple but delicious Chianti, that will make us forget the Chianti disappointing you might have had the misfortune to try a couple of years ago.